Micronutrients & co. – support for your child’s defences
To enable the immune system to work effectively, its ‘defence corps’ must be continually supplied with what it needs – primarily micronutrients such as vitamins, minerals and trace elements. A sufficient supply of micronutrients from the daily diet is particularly important for the defences. They provide support for all the necessary functions performed by the immune system, such as the regular formation of new defence cells and antibodies.
Micronutrients are essential for many vital functions in the body. With only a few exceptions, humans are unable to produce vitamins, minerals and trace elements themselves. This is why they are called ‘essential’, which means we must ingest sufficient quantities through food. Our bodies require micronutrients regardless of whether our bones, muscles and organs are growing. We need them day in, day out and throughout our entire lifetime. They are indispensable for our metabolism – for example, for energy resources and the nervous system. And the immune system is also crucial: vitamins, minerals and trace elements support continual development and degeneration and also the protection of the defence cells.
- Vitamin C, vitamin D, zinc, selenium, copper, folic acid, vitamin A, vitamin B2 and vitamin B12 contribute to normal functioning of the immune system.
- Calcium and vitamin D are required for normal growth in childhood and for bone development.
- Iodine also contributes to growth during childhood.
- Iron contributes to a child’s normal cognitive development.
Phytonutrients are essentially plant colourings such as carotenoids and bioflavonoids. They are commonly found in colourful fruit and vegetables. Phytonutrients can have a positive influence on many metabolic processes in the human body. It is recommendable to consume a large quantity of fruit and vegetables, and also other vegetable foodstuffs, in order to provide a good supply.
Nutrition + exercise + relaxation: a good combination
A balanced diet is a key element for the good health and well-being of our children. However, both exercise and relaxation are also part of an all-round, health-conscious approach to our bodies. Similarly to the immune system, all body functions benefit from a good supply of micronutrients, regular training and phases of rest for regeneration.